Why you should be very careful about skiing when temperatures are below zero Fahrenheit

Here's a reason why you should pay strict attention to temperature reports from the resorts, weather sites and here on No Bull. Be aware that equipment such as ski lifts do not run so well under extremely low temperatures, such as 32 degrees below freezing! There is also the possibility of power cuts by the local utility. True, ski lifts have diesel generator back up but what if a generator won't start?

If you ever get stuck on a lift becasue of a breakdown and temperatures are below freezing, you could be in big trouble despite good layering. It can take several hours for a ski area to evacuate a big quad lift such as the ones at Killington and Okemo. If wind chill values are below -20°F, the chances of becoming seriously frozen are very high. You could lose a limb due to frosbite. So, be very cautious when skiing at extreme temperatures, and constantly check for frostbite. One Vermont ski resort, Bolton Valley took no chances during the 2009 season and closed its lifts because of the danger. Hats off to BV.

A sensible person will consider the situation. What is the level of enjoyment from a $70 ticket under exteme cold conditions? A better course of action is to spend your money on a nicer day! You'll find that in most resorts there is plenty to do if you can ski on a particular day. You can stay in your accommodation and watch TV or play about at http://www.partycasino.com/ . Whatever you choose to do it is better to be warm indoors than in extremely cold temperatures outdoors if you are under-prepared.!

Good Layering is essential during extreme cold

If you have ever perspired while exercising outside in the winter, then stopped for a while, you know that unpleasant shivering feeling that can wrack your body. What has happened is that your perspiration never left the clothes touching your skin and has become cold. In cold weather, this situation can become dangerous, so here are the basics of layering.

Layering involves three things: wicking, insulating and weather protection.

1. Inside layer (or long underwear): This is the layer worn next to your skin. The inside layer, worn next to your skin, is usually long underwear. . Choose a synthetic fiber that has "wicking" power so the material can suck up (or move) moisture away from your skin and pass it through the fabric to evaporate. This is the way you can stay warm and, dry. You can also use silk because it is a good, natural fabric that has wicking abilities. Even when it's cold, it's possible to sweat — especially if you're hiking uphill, snowshoeing or Nordic skiing.

2. Middle or insulating layer: Look for sweaters, pullovers, hoodies and vests designed to keep you heated by trapping air between the fibers. Wool is one of the best materials for this. Other insulation materials include fleece, which dries quickly and keeps you warm even when wet. Wool was used extensively in the past for this purpose. It even works well in the summer!

3. Outer/protection layer: Shells and pants serve as your guard against the elements of winter. They should keep out snow, sleet or rain and block the wind, while also letting perspiration evaporate.

Modern shells and pants are made waterproof and breathable by using tightly woven fabrics teamed with a coating or laminate. This keeps moisture on the outside but allows perspiration to escape — to keep you dry and comfortable. Look for jackets and pants using Gore-Tex, which is best for keeping out rain and wet snow.

Snowboard apparel is designed looser to give riders freedom of movement. Pants are reinforced in the seat and knees for extra protection when kneeling or sitting on the snow.

Don't forget the details. Look for functional hoods, cuffs, pockets and zippers — details that work well in a snowstorm.